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Luiss Ortega
Luiss Ortega

Behind The Presidential Curtain Inside Out Of Real Paul Kagame F


Behind the Presidential Curtain Inside Out of Real Paul Kagame F




Paul Kagame is the fourth and current president of Rwanda, a small landlocked country in east-central Africa. He has been in power since 2000, after leading the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), a rebel armed force that ended the 1994 genocide in which about 800,000 people, mostly Tutsis and moderate Hutus, were killed by Hutu extremists. He is widely credited with restoring stability and economic growth to Rwanda, but also accused of suppressing political dissent and human rights. Who is the real Paul Kagame behind the presidential curtain? What are his motivations, achievements, and challenges? This article will explore some aspects of his personal and political life, based on various sources of information.


Personal life




Paul Kagame was born on October 23, 1957, in Tambwe, a village in southern Rwanda. His parents were Tutsi refugees who had fled to Uganda in 1959, when violence erupted between the Hutu majority and the Tutsi minority in Rwanda. Kagame grew up in a refugee camp near Kampala, where he attended primary and secondary school. He later studied at Makerere University, one of the most prestigious institutions in East Africa. He was influenced by the ideas of pan-Africanism and socialism, and joined the National Resistance Army (NRA), a rebel group led by Yoweri Museveni that fought against the dictatorship of Idi Amin and Milton Obote in Uganda. Kagame rose to become a senior officer in the NRA, which took power in 1986. He also met his future wife, Jeannette Nyiramongi, a fellow Rwandan refugee, whom he married in 1989. They have four children: Ivan, Ange, Ian, and Brian.


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In 1990, Kagame left Uganda to join the RPF, a newly formed movement of Rwandan exiles who wanted to return to their homeland and overthrow the regime of President Juvénal Habyarimana, a Hutu who had ruled since 1973. Kagame became the leader of the RPF after its first commander, Fred Rwigyema, was killed on the second day of the invasion. He led a guerrilla war against the Rwandan army and its allies from France and Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of Congo). In 1993, he signed a peace agreement with Habyarimana that promised power-sharing and democratic reforms. However, the peace process was shattered on April 6, 1994, when Habyarimana's plane was shot down over Kigali, the capital of Rwanda. The assassination triggered a wave of genocide by Hutu militias and soldiers against Tutsis and moderate Hutus across the country. Kagame resumed the war and managed to defeat the genocidal forces by July 1994. He then became vice president and minister of defense in a transitional government led by Pasteur Bizimungu, a moderate Hutu. In 2000, he replaced Bizimungu as president after he resigned amid accusations of corruption and divisionism.


Kagame is known for his charisma, intelligence, discipline, and vision. He speaks fluent English, French, Swahili, and Kinyarwanda, the national language of Rwanda. He is also proficient in Luganda, a language spoken in Uganda. He is an avid reader of books on history, politics, economics, and leadership. He enjoys playing tennis and basketball in his spare time. He is a devout Christian who attends church regularly with his family. He has also been involved in various philanthropic initiatives, such as supporting education for girls and women, fighting malaria and HIV/AIDS, promoting environmental conservation, and fostering peace and reconciliation in Africa.


Political achievements




Kagame's political achievements are remarkable by any standards. Under his leadership, Rwanda has transformed from a war-torn and impoverished nation into one of the most stable and prosperous countries in Africa. Rwanda has achieved high rates of economic growth, averaging about 8% per year since 2000. It has reduced poverty from 59% in 2001 to 39% in 2014. It has improved social indicators such as health care, education, gender equality, and human development. It has also become a regional leader in innovation, technology, and governance.


Kagame has also pursued an ambitious foreign policy that aims to enhance Rwanda's security, influence, and cooperation in the region and beyond. He has intervened militarily in neighboring countries, such as Congo and Burundi, to protect Rwanda's interests and prevent the resurgence of genocidal forces. He has also mediated in several conflicts, such as in Sudan, South Sudan, and the Central African Republic. He has established diplomatic relations with many countries, including China, India, Israel, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates. He has also played a prominent role in various regional and continental organizations, such as the East African Community (EAC), the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the African Union (AU), and the United Nations (UN). He served as the chairperson of the AU from 2018 to 2019, during which he initiated several reforms to make the organization more effective and self-reliant. He also chaired the EAC from 2018 to 2021, during which he promoted integration and trade among the member states.


Political challenges




Despite his impressive achievements, Kagame also faces many political challenges that threaten his legitimacy and legacy. One of the main challenges is his authoritarian style of governance, which has been criticized by human rights groups, opposition parties, civil society organizations, and some foreign governments. Kagame has been accused of suppressing dissent, restricting civil liberties, controlling the media, manipulating elections, and eliminating potential rivals. He has also been implicated in several cases of assassination or attempted assassination of exiled dissidents, such as Patrick Karegeya, Kayumba Nyamwasa, Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa, and Paul Rusesabagina . He has also faced allegations of war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by his forces in Congo and other countries .


Another challenge is his succession plan, which remains unclear and uncertain. Kagame has amended the constitution twice to extend his term limits. The first amendment in 2015 allowed him to run for a third term in 2017, which he won with 99% of the vote. The second amendment in 2020 reduced the presidential term from seven to five years, but also enabled him to run for two more terms until 2034. Kagame has said that he will not seek another term after 2024, but he has not named or groomed a successor. This raises questions about his intentions and motivations, as well as the future stability and direction of Rwanda.


Conclusion




Paul Kagame is a complex and controversial figure who has shaped Rwanda's destiny for more than two decades. He is admired by many for his achievements in rebuilding Rwanda after the genocide and transforming it into a model of development and governance in Africa. He is also feared by many for his authoritarianism and intolerance of dissent and criticism. He is a visionary leader who has a clear agenda for Rwanda's progress and prosperity, but also a ruthless ruler who has a tight grip on power and security. He is a hero to some and a villain to others. He is a man behind the presidential curtain who reveals only what he wants to reveal.


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